Meera Balachandran, Principal, Ramjas School, R.K. Puram believes that ICT in education is very useful. She is emphasising about the teacher training and takes measure to keep the teachers at her school updated with the ICTs and in many other fields. The school has the training facilities that aims to train teachers, students and to develop research-based projects including Maths lab and to improve speaking skills.
Ramjas school has come up with the novel concept of dynamics clubs: computer based clubs that the students run themselves. The clubs are exclusively managed by the students, who also maintain the website of the school. These clubs organise inter school competition every year that are crucial in the capacity building of the students. Ramjas has been one of the preveliged schools that has been offered a complete set up by Intel with 15 computers.
'For the primary school we are planning to keep15 laptops at the headmistress office.' We roll it in the class. The children pick up the laptop, work within the class room and they don't come out of the class.
The training programme is developed by the teachers only in collaboration with the students. We dont collaborate with any other external organisation in developing such programmes.
Kendriya Vidayalaya Sangathan (KVS) has over 1000 schools across the country and one each in Moscow, Kathmandu and in Tehran. Elaborating on the use of ICT in School educat ion, V K Aggarwal says that ICT will supplement to formal education by ways of disseminating information, facilitating lifelong education, etc. But it should not be the hub of everything. There is a need to bring about a change in mind. 'Why we think that we can not do anything without ICT? We should realise that ICT is a solution provider and not solution generator. They are not empowering the children to generate the solution. This is where we are lacking.'
At the initial level, the children should not be exposed to the ICT assisted education, atleast up till class 6. Aggarwal holds such an opinion because he believes that ICT integration in the early year of a child's education kills the thinking skills of the kid for the simple reason that when a kid gets a readymade solution for everything he stops thinking. This is the time that they should be exposed to the natural learning. 'If we are exposing them to the ready made learning we are shunning their skills.'
He emphasised on building a healthy, positive relationship with the child and have a firm belief that every child has the potential to learn. Putting forth the recent recommendations by NCERT favouring constructivist approach for teaching, Aggarwal says, children should be allowed to do on their own and let them find out the thousand ways and means things can be done. There can be different meanings things have for different children rather than giving a unified particular solutions for all the problems.
Sharing his concern on quality education, Aggarwal says, quality has got as many meanings and is as diverse as the diversity in India. Most people speak of quality in terms of achievement in examination, that alone is not quality. Rather it consists of several criteria through which the so called test marks of the child can be increased. A child who secures 90% marks is no better than that who scores lesser, but has got better value education and knows how to support learning in terms of knowledge. Thus the parameters for quality in education should be the understanding of the child, whatever he is being taught. He appears of the opinion that an increase in budget for education sector is critically significant to reach out to those who are out of education. There is need to reach to the unfocused and deprived areas. He said quality will always carry the quantity with it. If you increase the quality, quantity will come along. But are we able to provide enough quantitative schools? Still millions of children are unable to access education and are not enrolled to schools. Every year, primary schooling for a person earns about 30% of his productivity. We need to look for that quality.
Gupta accents upon achieving the ultimate goal of satisfying the customers. We need to ask this question if the students are satisfied with the current education practices and whether they are positively contributing in their learning and building capacities. Sharing his own experiences in school education he says, it has been observed that children using ICTs are more interested in education, more curious and inquisitive to learn. Referring to a study in his own school he said, ICTs impacts positively in Science education, and the results are great.
By integrating ICTs in education we are not sidelining teachers, rather we are just bringing a way out to explain difficult concepts like a frogs dissection in the laboratory. The tools for learning have chaged, but the pedagogy remains the same. ICTs should be an integral part of every teacher training programme and in courses like B.Ed. Teacher Training paper should be made compulsory in the course as this would save resources that are spent on teachers on job.