Unleashing the Strength of Universities in India
November 2008

Unleashing the Strength of Universities in India

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The literacy level in India is better compared to other countries in the world. The reason for the growth of literacy is because of the umpteen numbers of various types of Colleges and Universities offering different kinds of education in various fields beginning from Medicine to Engineering to Astronomy and Forestry.

Although there is plenty of Colleges and Universities offering higher education opportunities, but still the number of students who register for higher education is very less. The reasons could vary from economic pressures, higher costs, geographically dislocation to pursue courses of their choice, to name a few.  Information & Communication Technologies are excellent systems to increase participation of students in Higher Education. Hence the researcher approached the respondents in various colleges and universities to collect information on their interest in bringing in linkage between all the universities and also on the emerging challenges.

Information & Communication Technologies are excellent systems to enhance the quality of education provided in every country today. Higher Education for many students in India is still a dream as it's not with in their reach both economically and geographically. A survey has been conducted to study the following onbjectives.

Objectives:

  • To list the advantages of an Universal University
  • To identify the challenges involved in creating an Universal Universities

ICT is a boon which enables the educators to take the education within the reach of the students. The main objective of this article is to bring in linkage between Universities and challenges involved in creating an ICT University.

This inequality can be reduced to greater extent with ICT in Universities and all the students will get the opportunity to do what ever course they prefer, from where ever they are and this disequilibrium can be slowly removed from our country's education system.

S.No.

State

No. of
Universities
1 Jammu Kashmir

3

2 Himachal Pradesh

3

3 Punjab

5

4 Uttaranchal

28

5 Haryana

5

6 Rajasthan

11

7 Gujrat

9

8 Madhya Pradesh

18

9 Bihar

18

10 Jharkhand

0

11 West Bengal

14

12 Meghalaya

1

13 Assam

6

14 Arunachal Pradesh

1

15 Nagaland

1

16 Manipur 

2

17 Chhattisgarh

0

18 Maharashtra

24

19 Orissa

5

20 Goa

1

21 Karnataka

16

22 Andhara Pradesh

20

23 Kerala

8

24 Tamil Nadu

21

Review of Literature

Hoffman (2001) suggested that successful implementation of ICTs need to address five interlocking frameworks for change: the infrastructure, attitude, staff development, support (technical and administrative) and also sustainability and transferability. The success of ICT solely depends on the Technology, Attitude shift in Educators and Students, Competence of Educators and Students in teaching and learning through technology. There are different kinds of ICTs implemented at teaching and learning such as tele and video-conferencing and e-Learning tools. These products can be used in education for different purposes. Some of them help students with their learning by improving the communication between them and the instructors (Valasidou and Bousiou, 2005).

The article aims to examine how familiar are the faculties and students in colleges and universities with the ICTs use and what are the skills that are required for both. The research conducted also aims to identify the merits and challenges of bringing in linkage between the universities.

The Indian Institutes of Technology are in talks this year with US-based Carnegie Mellon University to set up a Virtual IIT. To be set up at a cost of over INR 15 billion over the next three to four years, it will enable aspiring IITians and engineering students who could not make it to the premier engineering institutes of technology to bag an IIT-equivalent degree online. The IITs plan to shortlist around 50 national-level engineering colleges to set up well-equipped laboratories where students taking online courses could go for practical sessions. The IITs have already discussed this idea with some leading Indian IT companies that are willing to support this initiative. To begin with, the online National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning course content that the IITs deliver currently on the website http://nptel.iitm.ac.in could become the base for Virtual IIT. The IITs also plan to make the courses available on Google and You Tube.

This set the tone for this study.

There are many studies conducted in the past years concerning ICTs usage in education. According to Dorup (2004) the majority of medical students in Denmark had access to computers at home as well as used e-mail and the internet regularly. Only a few students prefer not to use computers at home. Finally, the research revealed that students believe that the use of ICTs cannot replace the traditional teaching activities but it can be easily used as a supplement to enhance quality. (Journal of Business Case Studies

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