A Community College aims at the 'Empowerment of the Disadvantaged' through appropriate skills development leading to gainful employment, thus making a qualitative difference in the lives of the urban poor, rural poor, tribal poor and women in collaboration with local industrial establishments and potential employers, community leaders after taking into account the opportunities available for employment and self-employment in the local area.
The Community College Movement started in 1996 at Chennai with the establishment of Madras Community College. It was decided to concentrate on one year diploma programme in the community college system. The concept was promoted as an alternative system of education based on inspiration and model of US Community Colleges. The whole concept was evolved after the Indian team, including the author, visited and had an interaction with more than 30 professors and 18 Community Colleges of US in 1995 -96. Conscious efforts were made to create and formulate an Indian Community College system to respond to the needs of the people of India. The Community College system aims at empowering the marginalised and disadvantaged sections of the society. It has become a National phenomenon with the clear articulation of Urban, Rural, Tribal, and Women Community Colleges.
It has spread its wings to 18 states of India with 234 Community Colleges associating with Indian Centre for Research and Development of Community Education (ICRDCE), which is a pioneering institute in developing the concept and helping in the establishment and monitoring of Community Colleges.
The Four Levels of the Curriculum