ICT In School Education

Views: 1.2K

India has an excellent opportunity to initiate its efforts in re-formulating an education policy in such a way that the following can be the key areas of focus:

  • Creativity, cultural values, national need, critical thinking, Entrepreneurial Thinking and subject orientation formulate the content for students across school education.
  • Education system is in continuous alignment to the economic-GDP 2020 vision of 44% of national GDP from agricultural income, 21% of GDP from manufacturing  sector and 35% of GDP from the services sector.
  • Develop knowledge resource not just to meet the national need but also the global need on knowledge human resources.

It is important that the existing economic and digital divide needs  to be bridged. Implementation and integration of ICT into the education system should address the following points:

  • Regardless of gender and financial status of students, education for every student should be the motto of ICT implementation.
  • Provide cost-efficient delivery of education to build a strong equitable and economically strong knowledge society.
  • Develop partnerships with government and private agencies for delivery of ICT education.
  • Create inter-connected clusters of villages with a central hub. Each central hub connected to an urban city with basic health-care facility provided.
  • Pilot test the hub-cluster model with three villages near an urban city.

ICT implementation has given an excellent opportunity for the Education Policy Implementation specialists to re-visit what we want our future leaders of India to be like. In this way, we get an idea of what needs to be taught, who is our target audience across India, and how to reach all corners of India.

Write for Us

The country’s growth is measured by  its economic state, literacy rate and health-care facilities. By 2020, the employment pattern should aim at  44% in agriculture, 21% in manufacturing and 35% in service sectors. Of course, manpower reduction in agriculture has to be met with increased technological input.

Universities and educational systems should create two cadres of personnel: (1) a global cadre of skilled youth with specific knowledge of specific skills and (2) another global cadre of youth with higher education. These two cadres will not only power the manufacturing and service sectors of India but also fulfill the human resource requirements of various countries. The need therefore can best be defined along the  following lines:

  • Throughput of higher education system should increase from existing 11% to 20% by 2015, 30% by 2020 and 50% by 2040.
  • Hub-and-spoke model of inter-connected clusters of villages with each hub in these clusters connected to an urban city.
  • Agriculture-based education to reach the rural schools and colleges, so that the urban movement of rural people can be reduced and technology-supported agriculture can grow and flourish.
  • Awareness and reach to health-care facilities through the network of clusters. Meaning, rural areas  get Internet-based basic  health-care help.

Working backwards from the national 2020 vision we can derive a vision for ICT in schools. The driving factors of the vision are:

  • Ensure that when students leave school, they should be confident, creative and productive users of new technologies and more importantly understand the impact of those technologies on society.
  • Prepare students for adult life when nearing the end of their compulsory schooling.
  • Enable equitable and cost-efficient delivery of education to create a strong equitable, imaginative and economically strong knowledge society that which is globally integrated.
  • Implement technology education – not as an end in itself – but as a means to promoting creativity, empowerment and equality, producing efficient learners, problem solvers, potential researchers and potential entrepreneurs.
  • Support education and training workers to acquire and maintain the skills needed to take full advantage of the potential of ICT to transform learning.
  • Partner across agencies at all levels of various ministries in the government to ensure the development of a policy and regulatory framework to enable acceptance of ICT in education  and training.

Goals – ICT Balanced Scorecard, Operational Targets and Challenges

ICT Balanced Scorecard
The Goals and Objectives can be categorised into the following categories:

  1. National Economic Contribution
  2. Stakeholder Orientation
  3. Operational Efficiency
  4. Future Orientation

Based on the aforesaid four categories, it is possible to develop an ICT Balanced Scorecard. This in turn can help the policy makers, administrative  personnel and performance evaluators to derive the performance measures from the goals defined in the ICT Balanced Scorecard.

Operational Targets and Challenges
All schools in India to be a part of hub and spoke model – defined with-in the clusters of villages/locations within a year, a technology package and a computer lab and an electronic library system. At least 80% of school teachers must be trained in computer skills and computer-aided instruction. All schools’ collection and analysis of key performance measures of ICT-education impact should be automated in three years time. An integrated Human Resources Information Network in three years should be developed in collaboration. This would be an integrated database of skilled manpower, education and training services, job opportunities. There should be complete implementation of ICT education  by 2013.

However the challenges would include aspects such as Basic Software Content — language diversity in India will force ICT to have content in multiple languages. Lack of trained teachers and motivation of all concerned authorities, particularly school administration’s mindset to and non-appreciation of value of ICT to transform and improve education will have to be addressed. The language diversity in India  does not negate the lack of regional teachers, as the teaching may have  to be in regional languages. The advantages that developed countries (or single-language countries) have is absent in India – owing to its language diversity. Other issues such as accessibility, affordability and networking and the annual budget would also be included.

Stakeholders in ICT

Policy Guidelines for ICT

High-level policy guidelines for ICT are typically derived keeping in
mind the national need of critical thinking, entrepreneurially spirited future leaders. The following key points can key points can help in defining the policy guidelines:

  • Actualise the role of education and training in the strengthening of an equitable, imaginative and economically strong knowledge society
  • Improve and increase quality, accessibility and cost-efficiency of the delivery of education
  • Support education and training specialists to acquire and maintain the skills needed to take advantage of ICT and to transform learning
  • Create high quality digital content, services and applications
  • Work with partners and agencies for content, delivery and training and technology
  • Promote connectivity and access to ICT in schools
  • Upgrade teacher competencies.
  • Integrate ICT into curriculum.
  • Improve quality of teaching and learning
  • Develop a cadre of citizens who can contribute to the workforce and economy globally

It is important to understand that – in the name of ICT in schools – it is not enough to equip schools with personal computers and train teachers in their use. ICT in itself is not going to radically change education systems. But it does give an opportunity to re-visit what education and its system should
be seeking to achieve. ICT can be a great enabler.

Macro-Economic Impact



  • To ensure that ICT does not become another source of gender and economic inequality: ICT should be used to bridge that disparity and create a leveling ground for gender and economically disparate society like ours.
  • To translate the national vision of ICT to the last granular level: This would mean translating the ICT national vision to each and every school’s vision on ICT. It is important to create an ICT master plan according to each and every school’s vision and its socio-cultural setting.
  • To narrow digital divide by developing ICT education policy complementing other government initiatives viz. public education through ICT, computers donation, Internet access, health-care facilities’ access.

Policy Development

  • To create a national policymaking, regulatory and implementing agency for systematising collaboration between government agencies, ministries are enabled – this will help in harmonised implementation of ICT in education programmes. The various stakeholders that may have to work together on this common platform could be: Human Resources Development Ministry, Education Division, Health-care Ministry, Information & Broadcasting Ministry, Telecommunication Department, Infrastructure Ministry, Private Sectors (particularly in content and hardware provision), etc.
  • To ensure transparency of decisions taken or amended by the policy makers to all stakeholders
  • To formulate an ICT bureau comprising of education policy committee and education performance evaluation committee
    – Education policy committee’s responsibility is to consolidate policies based on suggestions from stakeholders and also to work closely with international experience (for e.g. advanced countries. UNESCO also has done some extensive survey and research on ICT in education). Interacting and taking inputs from organisations like UNESCO, PISA, OECD, etc. can greatly enhance the policies and also can hasten the ICT implementation and integration
    – Education performance evaluation committee’s responsibility is to formalise the framework for performance measures, implementation of the same, data collection and analysis of the measures to feed back for policy and performance enhancements.
  • To develop standard budget based on school size and existing resources

Students & Parents

  • To establish criteria for partnership with content providers to provide and maintain content for primary, secondary and senior-secondary schools.
  • To ensure that ICT should create a leveling ground for the disadvantaged and for those with special needs as well.
  • To establish selection criteria for students to be considered for potential job-providers. Potential job-providers need to be consulted for the same (particularly for the vocational sectors).
  • To build a platform as a part of ICT master plan, for parents to participate in their wards’ development. This can enhance the value of Parent Teacher Association (PTA) meetings on an ongoing regular basis – instead of a quarterly hands-off PTA meeting.
  • To build a platform for peer-learning for students.

School & Teacher Training
To enhance acceptance of ICT in schools, school leaders to be considered as primary audience. They can help in adopting strategies to integrate ICT into the curriculum.

  • To appoint an ICT coordinator in each school to ensure administrative and pedagogical support for teachers.
  • To build a buddy system approach for novice teachers with expert teachers in an ICT classroom.
  • To define incentive system and motivational strategies for teachers who promote ICT education.
  • To provide autonomy to schools to select ICT personnel and resources as per their need based on the standards defined.

Curriculum, Content and Pedagogy

  • To ensure that dichotomy between technologists and educators does not arise – by composing teams with both of them.
  • To create a knowledge-base on good use of internet and technology.
  • To bring in to education the safety issues pertaining to Internet an integral part of parenting as well as teaching and learning activities at home and in school.

Software, Hardware & Infrastructure

  • Establish appropriate firewall and filtering mechanism for preventing access to undesirable websites – which otherwise can be counter-productive to a student’s growth.
  • To ensure that pilot projects do not take more than two years as they have to battle the obsolescence rate of technologies.
  • To create a definitive rule-set pertaining to intellectual property rights to educational materials.
  • To create standards for software, hardware applications for implementation of ICT resources.
  • To formulate multiple clusters, based on geography and ethnicity, of units (villages and locations) in India. Each of these clusters is strategically connected to an urban city. Create a hub-and-spoke model.

Approach for formulating Key Performance Measures In order to develop good measures it is important to have a clear knowledge of the following:

  • Purpose of measure
  • What is to be measured
  • Key concepts and methods of measure

Steps to define Key Performance Measures
The various aspects that need to be measured are:

  • Measures classified into primary, secondary and senior-secondary school categories.
  • Measuring content, teaching and improvement of learners in
    – Creativity for Primary School.
    – Subject orientation for Secondary School.
    – Career-orientation in Senior Secondary School.
  • Reliability and long-standing vision of the contents.
  • Consistency in involvement of stakeholders and content providers.
  • How much students think that they have improved.
  • Impact of teaching methods.
  • Availability of infrastructure for disbursing content.
  • Change in teaching methods.
  • Efficiency of clusters and its telecommunication links within and with the urban centres.
  • Teachers’ confidence and acceptance in using ICT.
  • Barriers to computer related activities.
  • Percentage contribution to various sectors from senior secondary education.
    Classify measures into the following four categories
    1. National Economic Contribution aligned to national economic goals.
    2. Stakeholders’ Orientation (ease of use of content, students’ and teachers’ opinions and acceptance of content, training methods and technology, outputs to corporates for hire from vocational standpoint).
    3. Operational Efficiency (infrastructure availability, infrastructure efficacy, teaching, implementation, data collection, students’ reach etc.).
    4. Future Orientation (content, training, technology-Use, telecommunications’ setup, training methods).

Approach: Pilot Implementation

Policy Formulation

  • Everonn Systems, given their pedigree in education system to schools can help in consolidating the responses for policy formulation and assist MHRD in finalising the policy for ICT implementation; defining the clusters for schools in villages across India; key performance measures and work closely with stakeholders in defining the content for ICT education. Everonn Systems can take an ownership-role alongside MHRD to ensure ICT integration into schools’ curriculum.

Pilot Implementation

  • Starting the pilot project with the Everonn Systems network of schools – by defining a cluster around the schools within Everonn’s VSAT network.
  • Providing the existing Everonn infrastructure and content support for these schools.
  • Deploying an Everonn team to assist MHRD in defining the cluster.
  • Providing an Everonn-ICT coordinator for the defined cluster.
  • Capturing the data for key performance measures for ICT-effectiveness evaluation.
  • Developing the web-enabled application for parent-student-teacher interaction.
  • Developing the home-pages on the web for school.

Follow and connect with us on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Elets video

Eletsonline News

Most Popular

[noptin-form id=89877]
To Top