India has a big workforce of over 400 million people, and majority is unregulated. This population contributes 60.45% to country's net domestic product and despite such a big contribution does not get benefit from state regulation and protection. The sector constitutes nearly 14.80 million children employed as child workers. The most exploited of the sector are the Migrant Brick kiln workers, the un-organised and un-regulated labour forces in India. According to few studies, there are around 50,000 brick kilns operating in the country, employing around or five lakh workers. The National Commission on Rural Labour (1991) estimated that more than 10 million rural migrants work in brick kilns. The brick kilns of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Tamilnadu employ thousands of seasonally migrating laborers numbering more than 10,00,000, mostly drawn particularly from western Orissa and Chattisgarh.
Majority of the them are landless and small farmers who depend on the daily wages and agricultural work which finds them work only for six months during the rainy season once a year. The child workers alone constitute around 22% of the brick kiln workforce. A study was done by Aide et Action, in Western Orissa, according to which around 47 % belong to scheduled tribes and over 30 % work force constitute children. Most of the children are school dropouts. Adie et Action South Asia has initiated 20 schools in Andhra Pradesh and Tamilnadu covering more than 1000 children. With the increasing growth of modernization and industrialization, Chennai city had received large scale of migrant from other states and significant number of migrant from Orissa. AEA has initiated five schools recently, covering 278 children who are out of school in Andhra Pradesh.