Researchers from the Mobile & Immersive Learning for Literacy in Emerging Economies (MILLEE) Project are using those phones to teach children how to read. In Henan city of China academicians from Carnegie Mellon, UC-Berkeley, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences are working with children in Xin'an, using two mobile learning games, inspired by traditional Chinese children's games. MILLEE later repeated these studies with young children at a privately run school in urban Beijing. Both runs suggest that phone-based games could be a useful tool in teaching literacy.
According to Carnegie Mellon's Matthew Kam, despite the small screens and low level of applications, mobile are form of supportive educational resource as wireless carriers and mobile phone manufacturers move aggressively to extend mobile phone penetration across the globe. Nokia has sponsored a MILLEE project teaching English literacy to rural children in India using mobile phone-based games, beginning with 800 children in 40 villages in southern India's Andhra Pradesh. MILLEE is also working with the University of Nairobi to explore how the games could be adapted to English literacy learning for rural children in Kenya.