A leading US journal on higher education reported that Indians are the main target in the Tri-Valley University which is only one of many dubious and unaccredited universities in the US that are duping foreign students, especially Indians. The report was based on an investigation carried out after the TVU scam in January, involving Indian students who were trapped in the US, following the university getting implicated in immigration fraud charges. The journal claimed the University of Northern Virginia, the International Technological University (ITU) and Herguan University were among those that had been following a TVU-like business model. But they are not known to be facing any federal action. These universities are mushrooming out as the investigation proceeds and also makes raises questions about how strictly the federal government is being able to ensure the quality of institutions it allows to admit foreign students.