With the Government of Maharashtra laying stress upon developing the State as an education hub, the education landscape of the State has got a huge boost. Be it Pune, Nagpur or other key cities drawing a huge number of youngsters to study here, the evolution of the State as an education hub makes an interesting study, writes Sandeep Datta of Elets News Network (ENN).
The last few years have witnessed a major push to develop Maharashtra as an education hub for which an array of efforts are being made.
The State Government is working on a proposal to make the State an “Education Hub” by encouraging setting up of private universities, the State Education Minister Vinod Tawde revealed while talking to a reporter in 2015. Stating that a well-designed mapping of universities is needed to transform Maharashtra into an educational hub, the Education Minister said: “Our aim is to set up 25 to 30 universities in different parts of Maharashtra. I would also like to have a private sports university and a full-fledged university of arts and culture.”
Towards giving a boost to the big dream of Maharashtra as an education hub, Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis while drawing a correlation between quality of education and autonomy enjoyed by educational institutes, announced in 2017 that the State would ensure more freedom to the educational sector.
Stating many institutes abroad could only make their mark, because they had autonomy, the Chief Minister said: “This can be replicated in the state too. But there have to be strict guidelines for running these academies, so that the high quality of education is maintained.”
Underling the significance of proper education, the Chief Minister said dreams of “new nation building“ could turn into a reality only when trained manpower was available. Stating that the need of the hour is to “convert the young population into useful human resource”, he said: “Only good educational institutes and teachers can make this happen. But commercialisation of the education sector is a worry”.
“The state will have to keep a check on private academies and government-run education institutes, so poor students too have access to education from institutes of academic excellence,“ the Chief Minister added. Fadnavis also revealed that his government has plans to use IT for ensuring that high- quality education also gets available in rural areas. In this view, the Chief Minister said, over 35,000 schools in villages have been digitised and skilled teachers in cities can share their knowledge with these students using IT.
“Our aim is to make Maharashtra’s education system the top ranker in the country… We will gain the top position in the years to come,” the Chief Minister said, adding that schools in the State have also shown improvement in baseline learning assessment tests.
A look at the ongoing efforts in cities like Nagpur and Pune offers a bird’ view of the vision being brought into reality with a focused and well-laid out approach.
Pune – From Education Hub to IT Hub
The wonderful city of Pune in Maharashtra is today known for some of India’s best institutes. Hundreds of students from other cities and states of India adapt Pune as their real home away from home for education. Not many may have observed but Pune has transformed from being an educational hub to an IT hub following arrival of big IT companies came in. This has also led to even massive increase in property rates in Pune.
A Glance at Pune’s Transformation into IT Hub
Infrastructure System: With improved roads, transportation has become safer for pedestrians, cyclists and differently-abled. All this is a reflection of how Pune has experienced tremendous developments related to physical infrastructure. Additionally, BRT corridor is an integral component of Pune’s strategy to tackle long-term mobility problems.
Development of Residential and Commercial Sector: With more IT companies entering the country, Pune became one of the major cities for the rise of commercial as well as residential sectors. Today, Pune is also known for the presence of top IT companies like Infosys, Wipro, IBM, Dell, Cognizant, and TCL. These companies are located in various IT parks around the city, some of the Pune’s famous IT parks are- the Rajiv Gandhi -Hinjewadi IT Park, Magarpatta IT Park in Hadapsar, Eon Cluster IT Park in Kharadi and more.
Nagpur – An Education Hub in Maharashtra
There was a time when Nagpur was famously known as one of the education hubs in Maharashtra. But call it technology, innovation or the new initiatives at other places, Nagpur fell way behind Mumbai and Pune as far as quality education institutions were concerned. But thanks to change of guard both at the Centre and State, with Narendra Modi of the BJP becoming Prime Minister and the same party’s government taking charge of the Maharashtra state, things changed dramatically. Hardly anyone would have thought the same city of Nagpur would get prestigious institution like IIM and NIPER, leaving other top cities behind. It is said it came due to the pursuance of top leaders like Chief Minister Fadnavis and Union Minister for Highways and Surface Transport Nitin Gadkari.
Meanwhile, it is also true that just political will power is not adequate to see these premier institutions through. It also needed ground support like a place for starting temporary campus, making arrangements for erecting infrastructure like furniture, equipment, classrooms, computers, and library among others.
A Powerhouse of Indian Economy
Maharashtra, also described as the powerhouse of Indian economy, is home to the financial capital of Mumbai. The State attracts highest foreign investment and is best placed to become the next global financial, commercial and cultural hub for future design, innovation and creativity-led entrepreneurship opportunities.
Maharashtra Set to Play Big Role in Young India by 2020
With India all set to become the youngest nation by 2020 with an estimated working-age population of 962 million, Maharashtra, which accounts for over 9% of the population, will be a major beneficiary. There are valid reasons behind it too. The State will benefit because of the availability of human capital in a period of soaring demand in industries such as construction, retail, BFSI, IT & ITeS, and manufacturing among others. The endeavours in the State are also driven by the vision of equipping 45 million people with employable skills by 2022, Maharashtra is marching on the path of convergence of human capital and employment opportunities.
Most especially, there is an equal focus on skill development initiatives for job- creators. It will augur well for creation of a sustainable ecosystem of talent pool and job opportunities. It should also be remembered that Maharashtra’s development is centred on innovation, infrastructure, culture, tourism and sustainability.
Infrastructure Offering Hope for Employment
When you talk of overall infrastructure, Maharashtra is among better placed states. There are some key steps that can be undertaken to achieve global standards. Recent efforts by the government such as development of Aurangabad Industrial City, the greenfield smart industrial city, can be observed as a progressive step towards establishing a sustainable infrastructure for industrial advancement in the region.
Education Scenario in Maharashtra
Having a huge population strength, the scope of education and other important things has also got increased. Apart from Pune, there are many other districts that are good platforms of education such as Aurangabad, Kolahpur, Mumbai, Ahmednagar, among others.
There are a lot of tourist spots in Maharashtra which needs to be explored by many tourists of the particular nation. Education in Maharashtra is also required to run in a perfect order. Each of the 35 districts of the State hold a hug scope for providing excellent education. The world class training institutes as well as several schools associated in the state provide excellent scope of education. Education in Maharashtra is really wonderful in comparison to other regions of the country.
The primary education system in Maharashtra is similar to the system of education existing in other parts of the country. There are several preparatory that provide ample scope of education. Education in Maharashtra at primary level emphasises on child development techniques. From age-three, each child is expected to have proper training under the particular education system. And, every kid is provided with care and affection by the primary teachers to ensure a focus on their development part.
There are universities both owned by the State as well as Private Ownership under which education in Maharashtra is carried forward. A proper attempt of benefit under higher standard of education reflects in higher education institutions that is associated with the education system in Maharashtra.
Maharashtra State Board of Secondary & Higher Secondary Education
There are about 21,000 schools (SSC) and 7,000 (HSC) Higher Sec. Schools / Jr. colleges in Maharashtra. The Maharashtra State Board of Secondary & Higher Secondary Education (HSC), Pune exists as an autonomous body established under the provisions of the Maharashtra Act No. 41 of 1965.
The Maharashtra State Board of Secondary & Higher Secondary Education, conducts the HSC and SSC Examinations in the state of Maharashtra through its nine Divisional Boards located at Pune, Mumbai, Aurangabad, Nasik, Kolhapur, Amravati, Latur, Nagpur and Ratnagiri. The Board conducts examination twice a year and the number of students appearing for the main examination is around 14 lakhs for HSC and 17 lakhs SSC, for the supplementary examination around 6 lakh students are expected HSC and SSC together.