Changes have been introduced in the Indian Education Policy after a period of 34 years. As per the changes introduced the Ministry of Human Resource and Development has been renamed as Education Ministry.
Union HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank said that the New Education Policy 2020 has been structures to resolve various issues in the education sector. The minister had also shared that the new policy will provide the youth of the country with more convenient access to higher education.
National Education Policy 2020: Key Highlights
The Right to Education (RTE) has been extended covering children under the age group of 3 to 18 years. The new policy aims to universalize the pre-primary education and provide foundational literacy to all by 2025.
It proposed universalization of Early Childhood Care Education (ECCE) and the establishment of a National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy.
The National Education Policy 2020 proposes a 5+3+3+4 curricular and pedagogical structure on the basis of the cognitive-developmental stages of the children instead of their age.
NEP 2020 thus divides the K12 segment further into Foundational Stage, (for Age 3-8 yrs): 3 years of Pre-primary plus Grades 1-2, Preparatory Stage (for Age 8-11 years): Grades 3-5, Middle Stage for Age (11-14 years): Grades 6-8 and Secondary Stage (for Age 14-18 years): Grades 9-12.
Coding to begin for students from Class 6. The curriculum will also include 21st-century skills, scientific temper and mathematical thinking.
NEP 2020 also has a provision for multilingual studies with a focus on the classical languages of India.
School students of all levels will have regular periods and opportunities to participate in physical activity and exercise, including sports, games, yoga, martial arts, dance, gardening, and more.
A National Assessment Centre – Parakh to be established under NEP 2020.
NEP 2020 also prescribes an independent, state-wide, regulatory body called the State School Regulatory Authority for each state.
NTA will conduct Common Entrance Exam for admission to Higher Educational Institutions.
NEP 2020 aims to take the Gross Enrolment Ratio to 50% by 2035. HEIs excluding legal and medical will have a single regulator under NEP 2020.
Universities to be named not on the basis of ownership but on quality of education.
The provisions of National Education Policy 2020 aim to provide students a multidisciplinary and holistic education with more flexibility and choice of subjects.
The National Education Policy 2020 establishes a new highest regulating body, the Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog or National Education Commission.