Research in science education is important, as it leads to 'progress' in science education, which further leads to 'progress in science.' According to R S Sindhu, researcher and professor (chemistry), Department of Education in Science and Mathematics (DESM), NCERT, 'The objective of research in science is essentially to achieve progress in economic growth, social development and environmental protection.' Listing some of the thrust areas of research in science education today, he says, 'Curriculum development, studying misconceptions in science – by both students and teachers, studying pedagogy for teaching science for 21st Century learners, studying evaluation and assessment techniques and developing a scientific temper in students are a few key areas. Besides, action research is very important and we also need to assess the effect of some classroom practices in schools.'
Sindhu also emphasises the need to study the extent as to which the curriculum is in tune with national and international demands and if it fulfills the objectives. Also, he adds that while a lot of research is already being done in the subject, some areas are yet to be addressed. He says, 'The aim is to move away from rote and gain an understanding of concepts so that students remember them for life and can apply it to real-life situations, thus the practical component of teaching should be emphasised. The need is to study the effectiveness of low-cost and innovative experiments, different techniques of assessment of practical work and the scope of field trips and projects so that students feel involved and develop an interest in the subject.'