The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) envisages development of cultural, educational and scientific ties between the two universities. It will also encourage academic exchange and collaboration to advance education and training in the two institutions, said Silima Nanda, director (in charge) of IGNOU's International Division. Several IGNOU programmes are likely to start from July 2010, Nanda said, adding it would take three to four months to develop all the modalities involved in the process. IGNOU will offer degree, diploma and certificate programmes at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. There will also be faculty exchange and sharing of experiences time to time. With this MoU, IGNOU has partnerships with 53 international institutions from 34 countries.