NIRF Analysis – A beginning towards data driven eduGOVERNANCE even as quality data eluded the Evaluators
April 2016

NIRF Analysis – A beginning towards data driven eduGOVERNANCE even as quality data eluded the Evaluators

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Initiated on the behest of the Hon’ble Prime Minister, The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) is out with its first round of rankings across Engineering, Management, Pharmacy & Universities across the length and breadth of the country. While the exhaustive ranking framework which outlined the methodology to rank institutions across the country was received quite well, its eventual execution encompassing the entire deck of institutions falling in various categories couldn’t evoke the desired interest amongst the members of the general public and observers alike. However, considering the NIRF outcomes from a different perspective this entire exercise has laid the very foundations of DATA DRIVEN eduGOVERNANCE. digitalLEARNING chose to delve deep into the outcomes of this major national exercise and comment upon the various underlying facets of the same for the consumption of our readers which include the formulators and regulators of NIRF. Hope this analytical commentary would be an interesting & illuminating reading.

Key Departures

ONE
While the original ranking framework called for a differentiation between Category A Institutions which have Research & Teaching as twin foci and Category B Institutions which are simply Teaching ones. The eventual rankings seem to have juxtaposed both the Category A and Category B institutions. This seems to be a major departure from the doctrine of not comparing apples with oranges.
TWO
Unavailability of the Computation of Individualized Scores based on the Datasets provided by the participating institutions make it difficult to ascertain the parameterized ranking of institutions beyond top 10 which
have been specifically given their rankings on chosen parameters. Incidentally, it’s the institutions lower in the ranking deck who need to know more about their respective category ranking to improvise upon.
THREE
The presentation of the processed and analysed datasets of ranked institutions is quite out of sync with the initial NIRF layout. The order of sequence, denomination of datasets and reported values don’t fall in line.

For example, the reported dataset of IIT Madras with Institute ID NIRF-ENGG-INF-77 (Engineering) the following is the name and denomination of the dataset submitted.

  • Considered Faculty Details
  • Student Details
  • Facilities Summaries
  • Student Events
  • Publication Details
  • Perception Details
  • IPR Summary
  • Sponsored Research
  • Project Details
  • Consultancy Project Details
  • Education Program Details
  • Graduation Outcome
  • Student Exam Details
  • Physical Facilities

Teaching, Learning and Resources parameter by NIRF
The NIRF layout defi nes the parameter of Teaching, Learning and Resources (TLR) as a mix of 4 components as in
a) Faculty-Student Ratio with Emphasis on Permanent Faculty (FSR)
b) Combine Metric for Faculty with PhD and Experience (FQE)
c) Metric for Library and Laboratory Facilities (LL)
d) Metric for Sports and Extra-Curricular Facilities, Activities (SEC)
The parameter on Research, Professional Practice
& Collaborative Performance (RPC) entails

a) Combined Metric for Publications (PU)
b) Combined Metric for Citations (CI)
c) IPR and Patents: Granted, Filed, Licensed (IPR)
d) Percentage of Collaborative Publications and Patents (CP)
e) Footprints of Projects and Professional Practice (FPPP)
Graduation Outcome (GO)
a) Combined Performance in Public and University Examinations (PUE)
b) Combined Percentage for Placement, Higher Studies and Entrepreneurship (PHE)
c) Mean Salary for Employment (MS)
Outreach and Inclusivity (OI)
a) Outreach Footprint (Continuing Education, Service) (CES)
b) Percentage of Students from Other States/Countries(Region Diversity – RD)
c) Percentage of Women Students and Faculty (WS)
d) Percentage of Economically and Socially
e) Disadvantaged Students (ESDS)
Perception (PR)
Process for Peer Rating in Category (PR)Scrutinizing by these two parameters itself, things don’t seem to be falling in a rigorous order. Interestingly, the parameter on perception at number (f) is somehow interspersed between those of Publication Details and IPR Summary.
This is a signifi cant departure from the established practice of rigorous data processing whereby the consistency of the framework has to be ensured by all means. Incidentally, Datasets for some of the parameters are missing altogether.

Data Analysis & Presentation Framework
The mammoth exercise of India Rankings 2016 based on NIRF somehow lost the opportunity to sync up the various institutional databases in a single repository. The underlying technological engine has chosen to use Excel Workbook as the pre-eminent reporting as well as processing tool. Interestingly, a significant space is devoted in the NIRF report over Online Data Capturing Platform and Data Submission Utility. On a cursory glance, it seems to be an utterly manual process, whereby right from data submission to data processing to data presentation, has been done in a loosely coupled technology ecosystem.

An emphasis on adopting an ERP framework to ensure a steady real time flow of the multifaceted datasets from institutions could have helped the cause in a much significant manner. May be in the next iteration of the rankings, the Implementation Core Committee from NBA which has also been bestowed upon the task of accrediting technical institutions would call for the creation of an integrated data foundation across educational institutions powered by an industry grade ERP solution.

HIGH CORRELATION OF ENGINEERING RANKING WITH ANALYTICAL WEB METRICS

Interestingly, the NIRF Rankings have a high degree of correlation with analytical web metrics like Moz. We subjected the URLs of each of the top 100 Engineering Institutions to the Domain Authority Score ( a 100-point scale) developed by Moz that predicts how well a website will rank on search engines.

To determine Domain Authority, Moz employs machine learning against Google’s algorithm to best model how search engine results are generated. Over 40 signals are included in this calculation.

Interestingly the Correlation Coefficient on NIRF Rank and Moz Rank data came out to be a impressive 0.74 which implies that both datasets match-up 75% of the times.

Name of Institute NIRF Score NIRF Rank MOZ Score MOZ Rank
Indian Institute Of Technology, Madras 89.41 1 72.05 2
Indian Institute Of Technology, Bombay 87.66 2 72.55 1
Indian Institute Of Technology, Kharagpur 83.91 3 69.13 5
Indian Institute Of Technology, Delhi 82.02 4 70.79 3
Indian Institute Of Technology, Kanpur 81.07 5 69.49 4
Indian Institute Of Technology, Roorkee 78.68 6 58.56 9
Indian Institute Of Technology, Hyderabad 77.22 7 53.02 17
Indian Institute Of Technology, Gandhinagar 75.2 8 48.95 23
Indian Institute Of Technology, Ropar-Rupnagar 74.88 9 38.23 59
Indian Institute Of Technology, Patna 74.68 10 42.98 45
Indian Institute Of Technology, North Guwahati 74.62 11 54.48 15
National Institute Of Technology, Tiruchirappalli 74.45 12 53.05 16
Vellore Institute Of Technology 74.4 13 60.59 7
Indian Institute Of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi 74.39 14 45.26 37
Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute Of Technology 73.13 15 47.27 31
Indian Institute Of Technology, Indore 72 16 45.64 34
Birla Institute Of Technology 71.8 17 48.03 27
Visvesvaraya National Institute Of Technology, Nagpur 71.29 18 47.65 29
National Institute Of Technology, Rourkela 70.8 19 54.77 14
Indian Institute Of Technology, Mandi 70.32 20 43.73 43
College Of Engineering, Pune 69.71 21 50.38 21
National Institute Of Technology Karnataka, Mangalore 68.95 22 52.07 18
Motilal Nehru National Institute Of Technology, Allahabad 67.94 23 51.79 20
Psg College Of Technology-Coimbatore 67.8 24 48.37 26
Indian Institute Of Technology, Jodhpur 67.68 25 45.04 38
Indian Institute Of Technology, Bhubaneswar 67.58 26 44.18 42
Thapar University-Patiala 67.51 27 44.39 41
National Institute Of Technology, Warangal 67.12 28 48.63 24
Thiagarajar College Of Engineering, Madurai 66.51 29 47.32 30
National Institute Of Technology, Durgapur 65.4 30 47.08 32
Amrita School Of Engineering 63.94 31 55.07 11
Kalinga Institue Of Industrial Technology 63.4 32 45.51 36
M. S. Ramaiah Institute Of Technology, Bangalore 63.39 33 40.46 54
Coimbatore Institute Of Technology-Coimbatore 62.58 34 35.29 67
National Institute Of Technology, Calicut 62.26 35 55.04 13
R.V. College Of Engineering, Bengaluru 62.26 36 36.18 64
Malaviya National Institute Of Technology, Jaipur 62.14 37 47.96 28
Pec University Of Technology-Chandigarh 61.32 38 40.92 50
Manipal Institute Of Technology 61.15 39 58.79 8
Shanmugha Arts Science Technology & Research Academy (Sastra) 61.11 40 51.92 19
Jamia Millia Islamia (A Central University) 60.18 41 48.42 25
Dr. B R Ambedkar National Institute Of Technology, Jalandhar 59.91 42 45.62 35
Indian Institute Of Science Education & Research, Mohali 59.58 43 41.43 49
Karunya Institute Of Technology And Sciences 59.29 44 49.71 22
Institute Of Technology, Nirma University 59.23 45 40.71 53
Kongu Engineering College 59.06 46 31.19 81
Sona College Of Technology, Salem 58.97 47 34.80 68
National Institute Of Technology, Kurukshetra 58.89 48 44.78 40
Pondicherry Engineering College 58.79 49 39.32 55
Amrita Viswa Vidyapeetham-Amrita Nagar (Po) , Ettimadai 58.78 50 55.07 11
National Institute Of Technology, Hamirpur 58.65 51 46.88 33
National Institute Of Technology, Agartala 58.63 52 32.43 76
Kumaraguru College Of Technology-Coimbatore 58.44 53 33.54 70
B.S. Abdur Rahman Institute Of Science And Technology 57.8 54 31.32 80
Cochin University Of Science And Technology-Cochin 57.69 55 55.37 10
Sant Longowal Institute Of Engineering & Technology, Sangrur 57.52 56 38.10 61
National Institute Of Technology, Meghalaya 57.47 57 32.84 73
ITM University, Gwalior (School Of Engineering & Technology), Gwalior 57.45 58 34.03 69
Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation 57.37 59 32.66 75
Jaypee Institute Of Information Technology 56.79 60 42.55 47
Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University College Of Engineering-Pune 56.56 61 24.58 96
Bannari Amman Institute Of Technology-Sathyamangalam 56.21 62 33.27 71
National Institute Of Technology, Raipur 55.93 63 38.11 60
Vishwakarma Institute Of Technology-Pune 55.7 64 36.41 63
National Institute Of Technology, Silchar 55.49 65 44.91 39
Noorul Islam Centre For Higher Education 55.45 66 28.56 89
National Institute Of Technology, Srinagar 55.3 67 40.77 52
University Institute Of Chemical Technology, North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon 54.91 68 38.88 57
National Institute Of Science & Technology, Berhampur 54.81 69 30.51 82
Siddaganga Institute Of Technology, Tumkur 54.67 70 35.35 66
Chaitanya Bharathi Institute Of Technology, Hyderabad 54.66 71 31.59 79
Hindustan Institute Of Technology And Science (Hits) 54.32 72 38.48 58
Sagi Ramakrishnam Raju Engineering College, Bhimavaram 54.02 73 22.46 98
C.V.Raman College Of Engineering, Bhubaneswar 53.91 74 26.48 94
Kasegaon Education Societys Rajarambapu Institute Of Technology, Islampur 53.69 75 29.64 84
National Institute Of Technology, Goa 53.65 76 31.66 78
Pandit Dwarka Prasad Mishra Indian Institute Of Information Technology, Design And Manufacturing (IIITDM), Jabalpur 53.37 77 37.20 62
National Institute Of Technology, Jamshedpur 53.35 78 42.86 46
Institute Of Engineering & Management, Kolkata 53.26 79 23.10 97
Indian Institute Of Information Technology, Design & Manufacturing (Iiitd&M) Kancheepuram-Chennai 52.64 80 32.71 74
Centurion Institute Of Technology 52.58 81 33.00 72
College Of Technology And Engineering-Udaipur 52.39 82 21.06 99
Indian Institute Of Engineering Science & Technology, Shibpur 52.35 83 43.31 44
Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute 52.17 84 35.59 65
K. K. Wagh Institute Of Engineering Education & Research-Nashik 51.92 85 27.79 92
Shri Ramdeobaba College Of Engineering & Management, Nagpur 51.5 86 29.17 86
National Institute Of Technology, Patna 51.08 87 40.90 51
Vignan’s Foundation For Science, Technology & Research 50.65 88 28.70 88
Shri Guru Gobind Singhji Institute Of Engineering & Technology-Nanded 50.64 89 41.67 48
Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College-Coimbatore 50.55 90 27.80 91
Bengal Institute Of Technology 50.33 91 18.91 100
National Institute Of Technology, Delhi 50.22 92 29.24 85
Yeshwantrao Chavan College Of Engineering, Nagpur 50.14 93 26.41 95
Adhiyamaan College Of Engineering (Engineering & Technology) 50.04 94 28.71 87
Maharashtra Academy Of Engineering & Educational Research, Mit College Of Engineering, Pune-Pune 49.66 95 39.30 56
The National Institute Of Engineering 49.51 96 32.33 77
Government College Of Engineering, Aurangabad 49.51 97 27.82 90
Anand Institute Of Higher Technology 49.41 98 27.16 93
Noida Institute Of Engineering & Technology 49.24 99 29.69 83
University Institute Of Chemical Engineering & Technology 49.09 100 60.74 6





NIRF Ready Reckoner

  •  1,50,000 Votes were cast by 60,000 odd individuals for ascertaining the perception about Institutions across.
  • 500 Institutions were involved for getting the Peer Perception ratings.
  • 1438 Engineering Institutions participated in India Rankings 2016 based on NIRF.
  • 314 of them qualified themselves in Category A Institutions which have a Research Focus along with Teaching.
  • 1116 classified themselves into Category B Institutions limited to Teaching only
  • The final ranking was however released as one across the categories.
  • The Southern part of the country made the highest number of nominations at 737.

WHICH ALL GENRES QUALIFIED FOR TOP

RANKING ENGINEERING
INSTITUTIONS

In the top 100 list of Engineering Institutions, 42 of them fall into the
Centrally Funded Technical Institutions (CFTI) category which can be
considered to be in the league of Category A institutions.
17 of these top seated institutions fall into the genre of
Deemed to Universities.
A mere 4 Private Universities have been able to make it to the
list of top 100 Engineering Institutions.
15 of these top ranking institutions are affiliated to
various State Universities.
2 of these institutions are affiliated to the Central Universities.
20 odd top ranking engineering institutions are affiliated to
the State Technical Universities.
Anna University has the highest number of 10 affiliated
institutions in the top 100 list.
Visvesvaraya Technological University Belgaum has got 4 institutions.
Biju Patnaik University of Technology Rourkela, the State Technical
University of the state of Odisha has 3 institutions.
West Bengal University of Technology has got 2 institutions and
Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University has got 1 institutionin the top 100 rank.
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