New Education Policy 2020- Approaches, Opportunities and Challenges

Dr Dhrubajyoti Chattopadhyay

The main objective of this is to develop streamlined critical thinking, higher order thinking, having more grip on the subjects and domain, to develop problem solving skills along with team work and communication skills, Dr Dhrubajyoti Chattopadhyay, Vice Chancellor, Sister Nivedita University, Kolkata in a conversation with Elets News Network (ENN).

The National Education Policy gives equal right to education. It incorporates school education as an elementary part and makes it compulsory for every child. There have been provisions of multiple entry and exits for secondary students and extends to Undergraduate, Post Graduate and research levels. It allows the flexibility for a student to complete his education at any point of time the student thinks so and has mainly been framed for students who had to discontinue their studies midway due to work or family pressure. The policy aims to provide a strong base of liberal arts along with Vocational Training at Undergraduate levels. A candidate who is in the fourth year of the Undergraduate course can seamlessly integrate itself at Masters and Doctoral levels which in the long run will help in bringing professional education into mainstream undergraduate education. Vocational Education will also be an integral part of the Education Policy.

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The Higher Education sector has been combined with liberal arts with Mathematics, Sciences, Technology and Engineering. The main objective of this is to develop streamlined critical thinking, higher-order thinking, having more grip on the subjects and domain, to develop problem-solving skills along with teamwork and communication skills. The postgraduate and the doctorate levels have been given the options of one year, two-year and five-year degree. The post-graduation will have more research level concepts and will have for professional competence. The National Research Foundation has been constructed whose main objective would be to focus of the Education System mainly at College and University levels. It will also take care of research capacity expansion and monitoring the same with a more formal mechanism.

The most important component of this Education Policy is Digital literacy and Computational thinking. The emphasis would be given to make students digitally literate and also will be trained in programming and coding to enhance their IT skills. NEP has been entrusted to integrate ICT in education so that the process becomes less cumbersome, fast and transparent. ICT will enable the students to have a better education through proper monitoring. NEP has also plans to integrate online education into the education process so that the students can maximize their educational experience. The policy talks about the inclusion of disruptive technologies into the system. It will include Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive tools to ensure that online education is guided by student learning and student growth at an individual level. It plans for huge IT infrastructure and technology platforms. It plans to have more and more online courses and expects to have tie-ups with top-level Universities and Institutes to have more Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC’s).

However, the challenge is its implementation. Different states have different education systems and hence accepting one uniform education policy would be a bit challenging. However, we need to understand that through proper participation we can overcome this challenge and make it successful across the country.