Goa’s higher education institutes have a female enrollment of 61.2%, making it the highest women enrollment for higher studies in any state in India. The findings, published in the latest annual report of the University Grants Commission (UGC) for 2010-11, show that Goa has not just retained the top spot since 2006-07 but has bettered its past record.
Kerala, which found itself in the second spot in women enrollment at 56.8%, was ousted by Goa from the top spot in 2006-07, when the state recorded female enrolment of 59%. Though Goa remained at the top for the following years, the figure remained static until 2010-11. The UGC report notes that across the country the percentage increase in women enrolment has been almost minimal as compared to the total enrolment in all states, during 2010-2011 over the receding year.
“Even at the degree level, the enrolment of girls is higher and the same trend is reflected at the university level. Drop out is more among boys at the school level in Goa as lot of gainful employment opportunities are available to them. We have also noticed that girls take home most scholarships and merit awards in the state. We are also happy that more girls are choosing careers in research over the last five years,” Goa University registrar Vijayendra Kamat said.
Other than Goa, Kerala and a few north eastern states, enrolment of women in higher education is below 50% in other states. Goa was not among states that established several women’s colleges during the academic year 2010-11, yet the state improved its numbers. The report shows that the number of colleges in Goa has gone up from 46 in 2006-07 to 54 in 2010-11. Goa University received total grants of Rs 1.74 crore from the UGC during the year as against Rs 24 lakh in 2005-06. Goa was among states that were granted accreditation by UGC to conduct state eligibility tests (SET) for lecturer-ship in 2005-06 and it has continued to hold the test regularly since then.